Friday, June 24, 2016

Monetary history

Treasury Bonds were invented in the 1860's for the purpose of placing America into debt. The inventors of T-bonds were bankers in England who designed the system to force the "slaves to feed and house themselves, without them realizing they were slaves". (I can't find those letters on the internet any more; I read them ~10 years ago.)

1907 Bank Panic
1908 Titanic commissioned
1912 Titanic sank (by-passing immigration)
1913 Income Tax Amendment
1913 Seventeenth Amendment - Popular Election of Senators
1913 Federal Reserve Act
1914 WW I

A permanent segregation was built into the legislation: bond-payers and bond-owners.

Debt is a means to an end.  It keeps the population working while title to land and businesses is transferred among the bond-owners.

Monday, June 20, 2016

The blockchain defined in plain language

The blockchain is a list of Bitcoin transfers, synchronized on 6000+ computers.  Each Bitcoin transfer consists of an amount, time it was transferred, who it was from and to, and a description.

The blockchain is a half-ledger, because it doesn't show what was purchased.

Since the description is only 40 characters, most companies store a reference # on the blockchain referring to data stored on their own computers.

Wednesday, June 15, 2016

How to retire the national debt

1. Create a "Credit Assurance Bureau" at the US Treasury to take custody of the T-bonds (one bond at a time and at the owner's discretion).

2. As the US Treasury takes custody of the debt, a "Federal Credit Receipt" (FCR) is created to represent the obligation, verify ownership, and make sure it is free of all encumbrances (clear title).

3. Each State creates a "Credit Review Commission" to oversee the assets' distribution for the benefit of the local economy.

Example: Social Security Administration turns in a few of their T-bonds to the US Treasury and receives an FCR.  That FCR is redeemed for shares in a Texas Agricultural/Commodities Market in Amarillo.

I have presented it to both Texas Senators' Regional Directors here in Austin (John Cornyn and Ted Cruz).  They have forwarded the plan to DC.  This will bring up to $1 trillion to each State.  Texas could become the clearing house for the $200 trillion global debt market, as well.

Saturday, May 21, 2016

Puerto Rico's debt crisis

If Puerto Rico had had a "Credit Receipt" option, then Templeton & Oppenheimer might have turned in their bonds to the US Treasury. Once the Treasury verified the bonds were free of all encumbrances and verified ownership, the asset would be registered. The obligation rests with the PR government, as expressed through the inhabitants' organization. The right is in custody of the Treasury and terms can be negotiated.

Friday, May 20, 2016

Turning the national debt into a spendable asset

The Robin Hood legislation is designed to retire Treasury bonds and redeem them for other assets via a "Federal Credit Receipt" (FCR).  The redemption goes through channels (State & local Commissions), rather than financial predators swapping assets for USD and creating inflation.

The legislation has 3 parts:
1. State legislation to create a "Credit Review Commission" as part of the State Treasury.
2. Federal legislation to define a "Federal Credit Receipt" and a division of the US Treasury.
3. Constitutional Amendment separating money creation from Federal authority.

The good:
- $19 trillion to spend on the economy and infrastructure
- Provide an outlet for retiring the national debt
- Maintains the bond and derivatives market
- Prevents inflation and allows Treasury and Federal Reserve oversight
- Protects against financial predators
- Maintains the value of the dollar
- Creates jobs around the country
- Supports the military's need for financing

The bad:
- facing the psychological denial of being in debt

The "Credit Receipt" applies to all debt instruments, so $200+ trillion.  This would work to solve Puerto Rico's recent debt crisis.  I am hoping Texas can catch up as it can become a clearing house for $200 trillion as we transition from debt-based currencies on planet earth.  We are currently in a slow-motion Venezuelan Bolivar situation, and I am trying to warn and provide the solution.

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

The Robin Hood legislation

The "Robin Hood laws" will provide $19 trillion for the economy and infrastructure of the United States.

1. United States Congress defines the "Federal Credit Receipt" and creates a new department within the US Treasury to retire the national debt while maintaining obligations.
2. Texas legislature creates a "Credit Review Commission" as part of the Texas Treasury to decide monetary disbursements locally.
3. A Constitutional Amendment to separate money creation from the Federal government.

The plan is to turn the US national debt into a spendable asset, using the "Federal Credit Receipt" (FCR) as the legal and monetary instrument to prevent financial predators from destroying the currency.

The same concept applies to any debt instrument, so I am suggesting a solid understanding be conveyed worldwide, so the world can gracefully transition from debt-based currencies without destroying the world's economies.

How to defend against monetary warfare

The defense plan is to turn the US national debt into a spendable asset, using the "Federal Credit Receipt" (FCR) as the legal and monetary instrument to prevent financial predators from destroying the currency.

This will provide $19 trillion for the economy and infrastructure of the United States.

The same concept applies to any debt instrument, so I am suggesting a solid understanding be conveyed worldwide, so the world can gracefully transition from debt-based currencies without destroying the world's economies.  See Venezuela as the recent example.

In the US, three parts to the legislation:
1. The US Congress creates legislation for a new department within the US Treasury and define the "Federal Credit Receipt".
2. Texas creates legislation for a "Credit Review Commission" as part of the Texas Treasury to determine monetary disbursements locally.
3. A Constitutional Amendment to separate money creation from the Federal government.

Please contact me with questions, as the plan is ready to start today.

Andrew B. Brown
10723 River Plantation Drive
Austin, Texas  78747

Thursday, May 12, 2016

Transitioning from Debt-Based Money

This is a plan to retire the US national debt in a safe manner, without causing alarm economically or financially.

Debt is a liability to some, but it is an asset to the purchaser of the debt.  So, that asset can be traded for another income-producing asset.  While that happens all the time, it has inflationary consequences and financial predators are gaining title to property and businesses, without concern of a currency collapse.

A new monetary instrument called a "Federal Credit Receipt" (FCR) can create the structure to retire the debt.  The pilot program covers most of the jurisdictional and legal paths:

Social Security Administration (SSA) turns in some of their bonds to the Treasury, the Treasury issues them a Federal Credit Receipt.  The FCR can then be redeemed through a committee with oversight and cross-jurisdictional decision-making.  For example, a Texas Stock Market could be created and shares passed back to the SSA, redeeming the FCR, and retiring the debt.

It gives the central banks more control over inflation, while directing resources to the generalized benefit of the economy.

I could use some help.  The US has $19 trillion in spendable assets.

Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Plan to retire the US' national debt and rebuild its economy & infrastructure.

Essentially the US is in a foreclosure via its national debt.  Total land value in the US is ~$20 trillion (not including improvements) and the national debt is about the same.

So, rather than doing a bond-swap for the entire landmass of the United States, perhaps we should take control over the bond market.

There are inflationary concerns when bond-owners sell bonds for USD and spend it.

Therefore, I invented a "Federal Credit Receipt" which is a new monetary instrument to structure the value transfers.

As a "pilot program", and to work through the details while legislation is written, I am suggesting this:

Social Security Administration (SSA) turns in a few of the bonds in their portfolio for a Federal Credit Receipt (FCR).  We create a Texas Stock Market in San Antonio and redeem the FCR for ownership in that income-producing asset.  SSA then owns at least part of the Texas Stock Market and the debt is retired.

Please pass this around.  I think Goldman Sachs is the appropriate company for this plan.  I need some assistance in Austin, quickly.

Andrew B. Brown
10723 River Plantation Drive
Austin, Texas 78747

Thursday, April 21, 2016

Federal Credit Receipt

To get a handle on the total debt market, one must consider how to de-couple USD from debt AND allow retirement of the debt. To that end:

If the Social Security Administration were to turn in a few of their bonds to the Treasury, the Treasury could issue them a "Federal Credit Receipt" (FCR). That FCR represents an obligation on the part of the Treasury/Federal Government and is an asset held by SSA.

What that does, is allows the Treasury, Federal Reserve, and potentially Congress to set terms on the redemption of the FCR.

For example, the Federal Reserve economists might determine that a Texas Stock Market is beneficial to Texas in distribution of capital and its economy. So, the FCR might be redeemed for ownership in a Texas Stock Market. The FCR would then be off the books of Federal obligations and SSA would hold beneficial ownership in an income-producing asset.

This plan shores up Social Security, while allowing a way out of the debt, and provides resources to economic development and infrastructure throughout the United States.

Friday, April 8, 2016

Fixing money

Money can be fixed by simply keeping accurate track of a person's transactions.  Reputation.  It doesn't matter which currency: USD to seashells.

It's that simple.  The formal structure for that ledger is below.

Tuesday, April 5, 2016

How to eliminate the "national debt"

Retire each existing Treasury bond, in exchange for a new monetary instrument called a "Federal Credit Receipt" (FCR).  The FCR is essentially an IOU that is non-interest bearing.  

This allows economic control over the bonds and where the value is directed.  Rather than China selling $2 trillion in bonds, receiving dollars, and then spending them, the Fed & Treasury can decide what can be purchased and define the terms.

Example: Social Security can turn in some of their Treasury bonds for a Federal Credit Receipt. The FCR can be used to purchase a Texas Stock Market, with Fed oversight.

This controls inflation and gets the US out of debt, while rebuilding the economy.

Saturday, April 2, 2016

Money is accounting and the corruption is underestimated.

What is needed is a common language to describe financial transactions. I solved this 8 years ago. It's a structured form of contract law.

Lawyers, IT, and finance can't screw it up. Nor can it be misrepresented by other languages or cultures.

Monday, January 11, 2016

IT people don't understand:


Therefore, they need a standard protocol and data structure.

Monday, January 4, 2016

Communicating transactions without ambiguity

Different cultures and languages create mis-communications in monetary transactions, therefore a standard protocol is necessary.

Some of these mis-communications are perpetuated deliberately and is the cause of wars.

Sunday, January 3, 2016

Currency distribution in the United States

Who creates cash and destroys cash? Who controls the cash distribution network in the United States? Who can revoke bank charters and control distribution, terms, and fees all the way to the ATM?
The answer is Janet Yellen, Federal Reserve chairperson.

1.  As Janet Yellen controls the bond purchases from the Treasury, she can dictate Congressional budgets (how it is spent/distributed).

2.  As Janet Yellen controls the debt structure and rollovers, she can revoke charters of Wall Street firms, and dictate fee and debt structure.

3.  If accounterfeited digital cash is found in a billionaire's bank account, it can be confiscated and destroyed.

That effectively makes her the "boss" of all Americans.

Saturday, December 5, 2015

How to fix the world's monetary system?

The USD's design ensures bond-OWNERS receive interest in perpetuity from a class of bond-PAYERS.  While appearances are kept that bond-payers have a chance of becoming bond-owners, in reality that is nearly impossible.  That structural defect was designed and deliberate and literally trains those in the financial industry to follow the basic model of:  sell labor forward and extract a payment.  What is that?  Slavery.  This is how Wall Street makes money.

Are you guilty or ignorant?

If you work in the financial industry, unless you actively do something to fix the system (as described below), you are now guilty of conspiracy to enslave the human race.  Please pass this to your boss.

Sunday, August 23, 2015

Why is a public banking protocol and standard necessary?

If you have access to a bank's database, you can change the amount to $1 billion and spend it.

Since the bank is a database, data security is also needed:  System.Persistence

Friday, August 21, 2015

Venezuela could have saved the Bolivar...

If they had recognized that the fraud was in the digital currency and not necessarily the paper currency, Venezuela could have reneged on its digital obligations, thereby increasing the value of the paper AS WELL as its future oil extractions and contracts.  The population would have retained purchasing power and strict controls over the digital would have been politically accepted with no civil unrest.

This will likely anger a very few who have "assets" denominated in digital Bolivars and paper hoarding might have become an issue (depending), however, this might be food for thought, if and when another currency undergoes attack.

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

How to become an instant trillionaire!

1. Work for any bank (or hack into the database).
2. Change the amount in your account to $1 trillion.
3. Buy off anyone who asks questions.

Everyone has a buy-off point, and people can be threatened:   "Here's $50 million.  Keep quiet.  If you say a word, I'll have Bruno kill you and your family."

Due to the above scenario, I highly suggest a public standard.

Texas gold bullion...

Would it be possible to create a gold-backed DIGITAL currency where the State of Texas would only own the DIGITAL, but the digital coins would be directly exchangeable for physical gold?

No storage costs or fees.
No possibility of theft.
Full audit trail.
Distributed vault.

Gold WITHIN Texas (at local shops) would have to maintain at least the total amount of digital coinage.  That could be done through legislation, or perhaps market forces?

Possibly 10% of the billion could be purchased in physical gold with a public vault on the UT Austin campus. Stealing $100 million in gold from the center of UT with overhead planes and security cameras and 50,000 students is kind of difficult.  $20,000 each?  Not enough to buy them off.

Thursday, August 13, 2015

Banks are databases & money is an entry in a ledger

Everyone has a buy-off point.

So, there is no more mystery about the concept of money or what it is:  it is simply accounting fraud today.

Wednesday, August 5, 2015

I bought the HIGH tick of the morning on the SET 50

The daily is in an overall downtrend, and I shorted 926.30 shortly after the morning open.  Price moved in my direction about 2 points, then buying started about 925.00.  I am new to the SET 50 and while I almost covered at 925 due to seeing the strong buying at 925, the volume was insufficient.

My stop was at 927.50, which was a couple ticks higher than the previous swing high (5 minute chart).

I think all of about 5 contracts traded at 927.50.  One of them was mine.

Thursday, July 30, 2015

Venezuela being forced to sell off long term

Assets to satisfy short-term debt issues. I wonder if there isn't a better way to structure their currency that might allow short term liquidity without long term losses.

'Earth is their vault'.

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Currency wars - prognosis of the USD

Reading this interesting comparison between Iceland and Ireland, it can be understood that each currency is a microcosm used to determine outcome and adjust strategy accordingly. (Scotland cutting off the Queen was a significant event.)
The USD is King of the currencies and is under attack from all sides.

If the USD is engineered into hyperinflation (as it appears it is poised to), the US population is heavily armed and will need to fight for food or water. This will position the population against its own military and police force (as has been seen). With large casualties, the "winners" can walk into the US with few casualties of their own.

  • restore trust in the accounting
  • restore trust in the data security
  • stock exchanges in 50 states distributes capital much more effectively

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Is this the beginning of the great hyper inflation?

Prices have gone to rents. As rent is a long term contract, that is a floor providing the upward spiral.

Adding some thoughts:
Rent is a long-term contract, so when that goes up, it affects the CPI permanently.

Wages are a long-term contract, so when that goes to $15/hour, it affects the CPI permanently.

The stage has been set for a hyper-inflationary upward spiral. I do not think the Fed can stop it, despite their enormous creativity.

FYI, I think the gold market's recent turmoil is due to a difference between paper and physical. Note Bullion Direct's recent bankruptcy.

Friday, July 24, 2015

"Program" trading in action

One might notice the extreme similarity between the market action of the EUR/USD and the SPX500.  Start from the steep drop off, notice the precise ups and downs.  One is 5 minute, and one is 15 minute.  This is due to volume differences between the two markets at that time of day.  However, it is proof of computer control over price action.

How does that occur?

Monday, July 20, 2015

Market players in the EUR/USD in the aftermath of gold's plunge

Note the Blue-circled area.  Do we note the dramatic "character-change" of the market between the hours of 10am sharp and 1pm?

Who do you think that was?

Wednesday, July 15, 2015

A stock exchange in each state

Is it possible to sell shares in a corporation to residents domiciled in the state of incorporation without SEC regulatory oversight?  Yes.

What does that do for a state's economy?

As I was raised in Texas, the best place for that stock exchange in Texas is San Antonio. With rememberances to the Alamo, it would be the most secure. That brings high-paying jobs to the area.

Monday, July 6, 2015

Tuesday, June 16, 2015

$15 hour minimum wage

As low-wage workers' income rises, so will their spending.  This is going to affect the CPI.
The end-game of the USD is quickly upon us.  The USA needs to do something drastic to restore trust in the system or the USD will hyperinflate.  Right now, they have many existing long-term contracts denominated in USD, and that is preventing inflation, but it won’t last forever.
My suggestion has been, and will continue to be:  a standard language to describe transactions between institutions: Promise Language.  Once those long-term contracts adjust to a rising CPI, the potential of the USD remaining the “denominating currency” of the world diminishes.

The ONLY way out of this is to "de-clip the coinage". What I mean by that, is to maintain the value while providing capital improvements to grow the real economy to handle the excess money supply. Then you can raise taxes and pay back the debt. Simultaneously, the Fed will also have to change their accounting rules to back the currency with something tangible (not purchasable assets). I have the full plan. Will they do it?

The hyper-inflation has begun!

Sunday, May 31, 2015

A ledger to describe any financial transaction

The following will work for any transaction, meet regulatory approval, and provide any imaginable functionality.  Stock market to grocery stores, retail and wholesale.

Stock Exchange example:

My offer 100 IBM.                            Offer 100 IBM at $10/share.
My terms $1000.
His counter $970.                              Bid 100 IBM at $9.70/share.
My counter $980.                              Offer 100 IBM at $9.80/share.
He accepts.                                        Buyer hit the offer.

Example:  I have 11 oranges and want 10 apples

My Offer 11 oranges
My Terms 10 apples
His Terms-escrow AAA Escrow Co.
His Terms-value 10 oranges
His Counter-value 9 apples
His Counter [computer-generated contract]
My Terms-escrow ABC Escrow Co.
My Terms-value 9 apples, 1 soda
My Counter-value 10 oranges
My Counter [computer-generated contract]
His Terms-value 8 oranges
His Counter-value 2 sodas
His Counter-value 9 apples
His Counter [computer-generated contract]
I Accept

Computer-generated contract:

He owes 9 apples, 2 sodas
I owe 8 oranges
Terms: ABC Escrow Co.

Database columns

Event Types
Terms (value, escrow)
Counter (offer, value)

The above provides a full audit trail.  All data is stored in text format.  "Relational" data is stored in ancillary tables with the EventID for reference.

The above works intra-firm as well as inter-firm.  It is an EDI format that operates on an event-basis, so it works the same on paper.  The protocol allows flexibility in mode of transfer and security, without changing the structure.

Friday, May 15, 2015

The Constitution of the United States and 16 to 1

The legal construct between gold and silver is a part of the monetary system's problems.  There are two ways to handle this:

1. an amendment specifically rewriting that section of the Constitution to eliminate the gold/silver tender problems.

2. rewrite the Constitution in the language of 2015 and update the grammar.  This would require re-ratification by all 50 states.

The point being, as the Federal Reserve Note has apparently lost its original connection with gold and silver coin, all payments of debts in Federal Reserve Notes could be declared unconstitutional.

Specifically, Article 1 Section 10:
No State shall enter into any TreatyAlliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

Tuesday, May 5, 2015

How to restore confidence in the banking system?

The National Institute of Standards and Measures was created by the US Treasury to define the gold and silver weight standards.  Today, money is based on databases and contracts, so is it time for a standard?

A public standard describing monetary transactions defines the security and integrity of the information.  It allows an audit trail that can be compiled between institutions.

From a monetary science perspective, the standard encourages liquidity and velocity of money.  The cost of transactions decreases, due to its efficiency and removal of ambiguity (intentional or otherwise).  With greater efficiency and transparency, trust can be restored.

The basic format of the proposed standard handles any type of financial transaction, conforms to contract law in all countries, and is readable by anyone.

Monday, April 27, 2015

How do you "steal" money from a bank?

The most effective way is to add 0's to a database record.  No one loses any money, so it is easier to hide.

Depending on your access to the database (and resulting reports), an explanation for the source of money will have to be faked.  Faking incoming transfers might be as simple as creating a record in the incoming wire or ACH credit transactions.  The amount and frequency should not raise any red flags.

Auditors do not normally check deposits against the sourcing bank or entity.  For example, you might have a deposit appear to come from Paypal on an ACH credit.  It is highly doubtful the auditor would contact Paypal to verify the deposit.

This could be set up as an automated procedure to simulate an ongoing business of some kind.  Be sure to pay your taxes on the "profits".

From the bank's perspective, they are not losing any money and in fact, will see your bank account as beneficial to their "reserves".  Assuming you have thought through all relevant possible auditing checks, you could simply spend the account directly and not worry about "laundering" it.  Alternatively, you could transfer it slowly into gold or out of the country and retire.

A public specification to describe financial transactions goes a long way to solving this problem.

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

What if?

The Bank of Thailand stopped accepting digital baht as settlement internationally?

That could lead to an "external currency" and an "internal currency".  The neighboring countries might handle the "exchanges".

If prices are stable internally, how do you make sure the rice farmer receives the same price on exports?

Sunday, February 15, 2015

How do you get employees to work hard for you?

Pay them as little as possible while promising a long term escape.

If you pay them too much, they will retire and stop working.
If you pay them to the point of comfortable, they won't work as hard.

(Note: the above is not my idea, it is how the world works today.)

Sunday, January 4, 2015

Open letter to the board members of the Federal Reserve

Current policy is a step in the right direction but will lead to hyperinflation in the next few years.

Maturing bonds are apparently $3.5 billion this year.  Replacing them with created cash will place $3.5 billion in the hands of bond holders who will spend it.  That is inflation, but not a whole lot.

In a few years, maturing bonds will become much more significant.  With $18 trillion outstanding, when will the first $1 trillion maturing occur?  You have that data.


You need an accounting rule or legislation that will stop the cash creation.  The Fed can borrow from another institution against its assets OR they can sell assets and purchase bonds.

So, when the Fed replaces the bonds that reach maturity they have 3 choices:
1. use the proceeds from the maturing bond
2. borrow against other assets
3. sell other assets for dollars

If you'd like more solutions, let me know.

Andrew Bransford Brown

PS. the number of Wall Street firms with fees on top of fees and selling forward every penny on the anticipated transactions is incredible.  Get back to basics, toss out the middle man, and the Treasury and Federal Reserve would reap a windfall.

Friday, January 2, 2015

Ending quantitative easing

It appears that the new Fed policy is to end the purchase of new bonds. So, they are not printing money any more. As long as that policy holds tight. 

As the Treasury has a $1 trillion shortfall in revenue, they will be forced to sell new bonds to the general market.  Hopefully, the market will place pressure on Congress to balance their budget.

That might lead to a strong dollar.

As the Fed appears to be maintaining static balances of T-bonds, I hope they aren't creating cash to replace the bonds as they mature. If the Treasury pays the principal, the Fed can use the proceeds to replace it.

Thursday, December 25, 2014

What is a good currency?

A good currency? None has been invented yet. Currencies become accepted when they are tied to something tangible. Then they are corrupted and inflated out of existence, to be replaced by a new currency with finite amount.

The finite tangible currency becomes adopted rapidly, but then becomes a constraint on economic growth. The 'cross of gold' is an example. Then, the currency becomes inflated and the cycle repeats. 

Fractional reserve has the potential to solve many of these issues, but would require rock solid central banking accounting to something tangible. And probably finite, or at least easily quantifiable. 

Bitcoin is finite, so pricing things in Bitcoin, creates a 'cross of Bitcoin'. Also, due to its electronic nature, and for the above reasons, Bitcoin requires alternative currencies.

Saturday, October 25, 2014

The 1st global exchange is open for business!

I have opened discussions with the SEC of the United States. Since my initial offer is in Thai Baht, likely discussions with the Thai SEC will be required. I have also introduced this to the Bank of England.

Please see attached screenshot or visit for live updates.

Sunday, October 19, 2014

An event-based public ledger

While Bitcoin's "blockchain" is a step in the direction of a public ledger, it only works with Bitcoin and does not show the other side of the transaction.  There are companies who are attaching data to the "blockchain" to try and create a public ledger for all transactions, however, the design of the "blockchain" was for Bitcoin and not as a generalized public ledger.

The solution below WAS designed as a general public ledger.  It will support any transaction in any currency and any form of value.  It was designed in late 2007.

The "smart-contract" format described will create an event-based public ledger.  Please note: the "blockchain" has two main functions:  1. verify integrity of the data so it can't be modified, 2. propagate that data across different databases.

Friday, July 25, 2014

Smart Contracts - the format

Any contract.  Any monetary transaction.  Works with any language.  The format is simple and understandable.  Works for finance.  Works for legal.  Works for IT.

While it works to store past transactions, open transactions provide an exchange, so it works for stock exchanges, currency exchanges, or grocery store transactions.

One table with 5 columns:

Transaction ID
Commerce ID - person/entity identifier
Item Type - initiating value, terms, value, delivery, notice, status
Description - quantity and value OR terms OR status/notice messages
Time Stamp

Example - Selling 100 IBM for a final price of 4900 USD:

Initiating a transaction, 100 IBM, myCommerceID
Terms, 5000 USD, myCommerceID
Corresponding Value, 4900 USD, hisCommerceID
Accepted, contract, myCommerceID
Delivered, 100 IBM, myCommerceID
Delivered, 4900 USD, hisCommerceID
Completed, completed, myCommerceID
Completed, completed, hisCommerceID

Example - Buying 100 IBM for a final price of 5100 USD:

Initiating a transaction, 5000 USD, myCommerceID
Terms, 100 IBM, myCommerceID
Corresponding Value, 100 IBM, hisCommerceID
Modification, 5100 USD, hisCommerceID
Accepted, contract, myCommerceID

[deliveries on both sides of the contract]

1. Note the identical structure for both the Bid and Ask.  Everything is a commodity.
2. In-process transactions create a market place for goods and services.
3. The standard format allows other companies to participate.

The above is what I term a "transaction stack".

Friday, July 18, 2014

A public list of transactions (open and completed)

In a standard format, with a Commerce ID for privacy (what some call a "smart contract").

It works with all currencies and barter too.

1. Make an offer to purchase.
2. Describe terms.
3. Receive a counter-offer.
4. Agreement (contract)
5. Deliver on each side.
6. Completed.

Time-stamps at each stage.

Block-chaining the list of transactions is one solution to prevent faked results.

Below describes the details of this.  It solves the idea of "money".

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

The System, as it works today.

How many new bonds did the Fed purchase today?  30 years to repay.  How many infants born today?

Get to work little debt-slaves.  Mommy and Daddy spent it.

300,000,000 debt-slaves vs. the Federal Reserve.  Class-action lawsuit.

All Americans are plaintiffs.  Including you!

Friday, July 11, 2014

300,000,000 Debt-slaves vs. the Federal Reserve

A class-action lawsuit appears possible.  Fraud is alleged and I think can be clearly proven.  Based on my analysis, I think a conservative ruling would be to force the Fed to only lend what they have with a monetary judgement of $100-500 billion.  As the numbers are large, I suggest a 1% contingency to the lawyer so $1-5 billion.  Each American would receive around $1,000.  Forcing the Fed to only lend what they have would place enormous pressure on Congress to balance their budget.

Basic argument
When the Federal Reserve Act was written, there was collateral.  That collateral was confiscated in 1933 domestically, and 1971 internationally.

Under basic contract law, a contract can be declared null and void if there is insufficient consideration conveyed.  So, if the Fed is purchasing $100,000 T-bonds for essentially creating digits in an account or writing a check, the Fed is not conveying consideration.  While the Treasury receives something of value, the Fed does not take risk or convey anything that would be considered valuable from their perspective.  Therefore, the T-bond contract can be declared null and void under contract law.  (Legislation cannot supersede basic contract law.)

Open market operations have two separate parts. 1. Is the initial bond purchase from the treasury.  That is a purchase with no risk with a marginal cost of zero. 2. Is sitting on the bid and ask to adjust interest rates via buying and selling existing bonds in their portfolio.

I am referring to part one above. That is the origin of the creation or manufacture of money. Government spends it through various contracts. It does not get into the hands of the population until many have marked up the cost. It is an ineffective distribution mechanism. I also submit that it is illegal lending to the government and the fed assumes no risk.

Treasury bonds were designed in the mid-1860s during the Civil War.  Bankers on both sides of the pond exchanged a series of letters.  They were trying to figure out how to keep the population (white and black) as slaves without them knowing they were slaves.  Thus, they invented T-bonds.  It took them 50 years to get it through Congress with the Federal Reserve and income tax system installed in 1913.  Why 50 years?  Because many people at that time understood money and gold, so it was difficult to push through.  See the 1890s and The Yellow Brick Road and the Cross of Gold.  Subsequent generations carried through on the bankers' slavery system.  (FYI, I have been unable to locate copies of those letters on the internet recently.  I read them about 8-10 years ago.)

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Visions of the future

Lawrence Summers wrote a good article in the WSJ about lack of jobs due to automation.

Currency is a product manufactured by the central banks.  Due to centralization of the distribution system (eg. Wall Street and Washington DC), 90% of the population does not receive sufficient product (currency).  People are forced to work to purchase that product.  That requires jobs.

If, for example, taxi drivers are replaced by robots, taxi drivers will not have a way to purchase that currency.  Without currency, taxi drivers will be begging on the street.

Many wealthy do not see this as a concern, but it is.  If people do not have a way to purchase currency to purchase food, they will steal the currency from the wealthy. Identity theft and other tactics.

Also. Another concern is if a robot taxi driver picks you up and a hacker decides to drive the car off a ravine, who would ever know?

I reverse-engineered the idea of money and arrived at the solution to all of the above problems (described below).

Monday, July 7, 2014

Bitcoin 2.0?

In my opinion, Bitcoin 2.0 will not be a currency. It will be a "block chain" of all electronic transactions regardless of what was conveyed. This requires a standard format. I thought that format through and there is really only one result. Promise Language describes it.

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

How does one gain trust without an authority?

Commerce between anonymous people is possible with a P2P database and open source.

A public record of one's previous transactions is reputation.

This is exchange software and payment processing software: a marketplace to sell any good or service including currencies and stocks.  It provides reputation, but does much more than that.  Anything of value can be traded freely.  Value-added services can be provided by new and existing companies.  It works with today's companies and allows new ones to thrive.

What is a Commerce ID™?

A Commerce ID™ uniquely identifies an individual or entity for the purposes of conducting commerce or monetary transactions.

The Commerce ID™ can be used once for a single transaction or re-used in multiple transactions.  It can be publicly associated with identifying information or kept private.

It allows accountability with total privacy, even if the record of transactions is public (eg. a P2P/peer-to-peer database).

An example of a Commerce ID™ would be a GUID (Globally Unique Identifier) that would be generated by the individual or entity.  That ID might be associated with a name or email or other identifying information.

Monday, June 30, 2014

Alternative Currencies

All currencies have pluses and minuses.  There is no holy grail of a perfect currency.

So the answer is to allow efficient translation between currencies.  This requires a standard language to create that efficiency.

It allows the individual to hold all their wealth in any form (eg. gold, land, wheat, rice, USD, Yen, Euro, Bitcoin, etc.), and have it "translated" electronically when conducting a transaction.

I term this "wealth translation".


A Visa card that debits your Bitcoin when you purchase something at the grocery store.  The grocery store receives currency of their choice, Visa debits your Bitcoin.  A "wealth translator" takes a small fee on the transaction.

See below for the working prototype.  An exchange software that works for any transaction (grocery store to central bank).

Sunday, June 29, 2014

Since I am currently physically in Thailand...

I will talk from the Thai baht perspective.

There are 3 forms of baht:  gold, digital, and physical. Each has a different value.

Once upon a time, the physical correlated to physical gold. That is no longer the case, largely due to the digital abundance. Fractional-reserve.

Can the physical currency return to physical gold valuation? Baht to baht?  Yes, I think it is possible, however, it would require a wind down of digital currency mostly in financial instruments. This is simply moving money from one form to another. Existing wealth remains while pulling society out of poverty.   It also allows opportunities to build wealth.

Saturday, June 21, 2014

The Federal Reserve and Fiscal Responsibility

When the Fed creates money to purchase bonds, the Treasury spends it. Where does that newly created money get spent? Government contracts.

Since the Fed is legally responsible for managing the economy and it is officially considered part of government, fixing that journal entry is possible: an accounting rule or legislation to ensure the Fed cannot create money to lend to the Treasury.

The above would not immediately balance the budget, but would place the Fed on the side of fiscal responsibility.

Monday, June 16, 2014

Fractional-reserve credit vs Bond purchases

It should be stated:  fractional-reserve credit is not the problem. Bond purchasing with created money is the problem. That is illegal lending by the Fed to the Treasury.

Friday, May 30, 2014

A good primer on central bank perspective from the Bank of Thailand

Currency creation and economic growth

Most central banks today create currency at the time of bond purchase.  Since bonds have interest attached, that means every unit of currency has a debt repayment obligation.  To simply use a unit of currency contains an interest fee.  That is what I term the "perpetual fee".

Historically, most central banks created currency to represent gold or silver.  That limits economic growth some describe as the "cross of gold" and is one of the reasons for its discontinuance.

The solution is to decouple bond purchase from currency creation.  Fractional reserve is the interest-based creation of currency that is responsive to economic growth.  It is not a perpetual fee because the loan is paid back to the commercial lending institution that issued the loan.  While, in theory, bonds are also paid back, this is not usually the case due to political issues.  It forces the central bank into a difficult position.  The central bank cannot force repayment to remove that perpetual fee.

So, if currency creation cannot be tied to either gold or bonds, what can it be tied to?  It is my recommendation to look at the productive output of the country and peg the amount of currency to that number.  If recalculated monthly, the economy has room to grow with adequate currency supply.  Fractional-reserve lending can handle the minor fluctuations intra-month.

A common language of monetary transactions removes the friction and clarifies issues such as described above.  The efficiency allows what I term "wealth translation" to perform the money supply contraction/expansion without the need for direct manipulation.  The system described below is also a common interface that will work with any payment system on earth.

The problem with money today

Money is not necessarily currency.

Money is a promise to deliver value, although it might have value unto itself.

The description of value is not money.

Two major problems with today's monetary systems:
1. language differences create misinterpretations of value.  Also, sometimes a value transfer has cultural implications that are not explicitly described.  Language differences exist between countries and between vocations.  Accountants, finance, legal, bankers, computer, and business people might use the same words, but none really understand the unintentional mis-communications.
2. language and cultural differences allow a few to deliberately create ambiguity to leverage a theft that is difficult to detect.

A common language to describe transactions eliminates the mis-communications, whether deliberate or not.

Sunday, May 25, 2014

Bond/currency relationship today (Debt-based currencies)

All existing currencies are said to be debt-based. Originally, the USD was backed by gold/silver. That gold was stolen behind the scenes. So today, there is an accounting problem at the point of creation that derives from the theft. A common language does not entirely prevent theft, but does provide accountability in the future, while also providing alternatives to money supply constraints via wealth translation.

Bonds were not originally the creation of paper USD without value. Bonds were a debt, based on collateral (gold). The USD was a receipt for such. When the gold was stolen, the Fed defaulted on that receipt in 1933 (domestically), then in 1971 (internationally). Since then, dollars are created at the time of bond purchase with only legal limitations set on their creation.


Interest is a measurement of assigning value to risk. Time-based. All transactions have a time component which, today, is rolled up into the bond/currency relationship. That creates a perpetual fee. Promise Language describes that time component while also removing the ambiguity in value descriptions that are complicated by multiple languages and intentional obfuscation.

The New Approach to Freedom - 1949

"When the people of the world have a common monetary language, completely freed from every government, it will so facilitate and stabilize exchange that peace and prosperity will ensue even without world government.

A union of peoples rather than a union of political governments is what the world needs."

E.C. Riegel, monetary theorist

Distributed transactions

A common language/protocol creates efficiency to allow distributing all components of a transaction.  Trust is distributed.  Value translation is distributed.  Every transaction is composed of a value translation and a temporarily trusted 3rd party to assure the value is transferred.

A common language allows barter and allows currency transactions.  The language also describes Time.  All transactions take time, so the current reporting of transactions in a receipt does not accurately describe the transaction and how long it took for each side to deliver on their end of the bargain.  Finance-types should understand that.

A common language allows individual choice in every transaction.  One of the derivatives of a common language is a common peer-to-peer marketplace/exchange described below.

Sunday, May 11, 2014

Looking for investment capital

Working prototype is complete.  See below.

It is a free exchange software, however, does much more than that.

Value-added services to assure agreements are met.  As well as what I term "wealth/value translation".

All transactions are searchable.  Privacy can be kept.

It works with all existing systems/businesses on earth.

Screenshot of the working prototype

This works for exchange software (EG. NYSE, Amex, Nasdaq, CBOT) as well as functions as a free E-Bay or Craigslist-type sale software.

Anonymous users (or not).
Full audit trail (will satisfy law and finance).

Rough draft of the exchange software (works for anything)

            //selling IBM
            TransactionItem item = Transaction.Sell("100 IBM", "myCommerceID");
            TransactionItem terms = Transaction.Terms(item.TransactionID, "5000 USD", "myCommerceID");

            item = Transaction.CorrespondingValue(item.TransactionID, "4900 USD", "hisCommerceID");

            item.Accepted();  //becomes a contract here

            TransactionItem deliverStock = Transaction.Delivered(item.TransactionID, "100 IBM", "myCommerceID");
            TransactionItem deliverCash = Transaction.Delivered(item.TransactionID, "4900 USD", "hisCommerceID");

            Transaction.Completed(item.TransactionID, "complete", "myCommerceID");
            Transaction.Completed(item.TransactionID, "complete", "hisCommerceID");

            //buying IBM
            TransactionItem item2 = Transaction.Sell("5000 USD", "myCommerceID");
            TransactionItem terms2 = Transaction.Terms(item2.TransactionID, "100 IBM", "myCommerceID");

            item2 = Transaction.CorrespondingValue(item2.TransactionID, "100 IBM", "hisCommerceID");
            item2 = Transaction.Modify(item2.TransactionID, "5100 USD", "hisCommerceID");



1 faeb6594-ca25-494c-b506-2b8cc76f06fb myCommerceID Initiating Value 100 IBM 2014-05-11 15:23:50.493 NULL
2 faeb6594-ca25-494c-b506-2b8cc76f06fb myCommerceID Terms 5000 USD 2014-05-11 15:23:53.813 NULL
3 faeb6594-ca25-494c-b506-2b8cc76f06fb hisCommerceID Value 4900 USD 2014-05-11 15:23:53.833 2014-05-11 15:23:53.847
4 faeb6594-ca25-494c-b506-2b8cc76f06fb myCommerceID Delivery 100 IBM 2014-05-11 15:23:53.853 NULL
5 faeb6594-ca25-494c-b506-2b8cc76f06fb hisCommerceID Delivery 4900 USD 2014-05-11 15:23:53.860 NULL
6 faeb6594-ca25-494c-b506-2b8cc76f06fb myCommerceID Completed complete 2014-05-11 15:23:53.867 2014-05-11 15:23:53.867
7 faeb6594-ca25-494c-b506-2b8cc76f06fb hisCommerceID Completed complete 2014-05-11 15:23:53.873 2014-05-11 15:23:53.873
8 24370bb9-ac0c-4546-bcd7-dd131f5f7aa4 myCommerceID Initiating Value 5000 USD 2014-05-11 15:23:53.880 NULL
9 24370bb9-ac0c-4546-bcd7-dd131f5f7aa4 myCommerceID Terms 100 IBM 2014-05-11 15:23:53.883 NULL
10 24370bb9-ac0c-4546-bcd7-dd131f5f7aa4 hisCommerceID Value 100 IBM 2014-05-11 15:23:53.887 NULL
11 24370bb9-ac0c-4546-bcd7-dd131f5f7aa4 hisCommerceID Modification 5100 USD 2014-05-11 15:23:53.893 2014-05-11 15:23:53.900

Saturday, March 22, 2014

Imagine you are running a stock exchange using the Promise Language specification

Initiating Promise:    100 IBM
Notice - accept: 5000 USD

Initiating Promise:    5000 USD
Notice - accept: 100 IBM

Note the structure is identical for both the Bid and the Ask.  Effectively this means everything is a commodity.

"Notice" messages become part of the contract.  Terms and late payments can be specified.  Clearing companies as well.

Monday, March 17, 2014

The Origin of Money

Once upon a time, some guy had an orange and you wanted it.  So you offered to trade a banana for his orange.  But your banana was way back at your hut.  So you picked up a seashell or something and handed it to him in exchange for his orange.  You promised to go get your banana and deliver it later.  That is the origin of money.  The seashell was a symbol that represented a contract to deliver a banana.

Alternatively, both people could have yelled out to the surrounding village that you owed that person a banana.  Then you didn't need the seashell.  Everyone knew you owed that person a banana.  Then you go back to your hut the next day and get the banana.  Then you yell out to the village that you paid back the banana.  Let's hope that banana did not go bad overnight.

Would it be possible to have a computer store these transactions so the villagers wouldn't have to remember?

Sunday, March 16, 2014

Closing out the transaction and EDI format

See below for the context, but two more EDI messages might be a good idea:

"Completed" to show that both sides delivered on their promises and all was acceptable.

"Closed" with a something in the description field to describe transactions that were voided or otherwise rectified if disputed.

The solution to money

Promise Language is a standard way to yell to the global village who owes what.  If placed into a peer-to-peer database, all promises would be tracked.  Open promises and delivered promises.  I was thinking today how to design that database:

Promise table

Type of entry (Initiating promise, promise, notification)
Id (GUID for that promise or a GUID corresponding to the person)
Description (describes what was promised)

So.. it would work like this:

    1 banana
    1 orange

One entry for the Initiating Promise:  my Id, his Id, "1 banana", 12/21/2003 12:15:34
One entry for the Promise:  his Id, my Id, "1 orange", 12/21/2003 12:15:45
One entry for the Delivery: his Id, my Id, "1 orange", 12/21/2003 12:15:48
One entry for the final Delivery: my Id, his Id, "1 banana", 12/22/2003 8:23:32

That's it.

Now.  That shows you made good on your promise.  That's your rep.  Now you can go anywhere in the world with the Promise App that shows your history of promises.

It's free.  No transaction fees.  Works with any currency on earth.

Friday, March 14, 2014

Does this solve monetary science?

The root of money is a "promise to deliver value".

Money is a human construct.

Money originally was a form of bookkeeping to see who delivered on their promises (or who had outstanding undelivered promises).  Sea shells worked in some locales.

Until recently, paper money was a receipt for gold or silver stored on one's behalf.  That promise was reneged upon in 1933 (domestically) and 1971 (internationally).  So today, paper money is a "note" with nothing of value behind it.

Where does the value derive?  Contracts are denominated in dollars.  Rent, salary, mortgage, contracts at the grocery store, etc. are all contracts denominated in dollars.  That is where the value derives.

In small communities, money was a temporary placeholder for one's promises to deliver value.  However, today, the world cannot track who delivers.

That is what "Promise Language" does.  It is a standard format to describe transactions.  The results can be stored on paper or in a computer so you know who delivers on their promises.

Theoretically, wealth translators replace the need for currencies.  However, that is an expensive process, so currencies will always likely remain due to their economies of scale in reducing transaction costs.

What is money?

Anything of value that is agreed upon by both parties in a transaction.

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Promise Language basics

This is an EDI format/specification/standard/protocol for monetary transactions.  It is free.

Some terminology:
Wealth Storage - a vault or a bank.
Wealth Translation - currency exchange is an example.
Promise Assurance - credit card issuer or an underwriter are examples.
Promise Reporting - credit report agencies are examples.

Only living beings can make promises.

Officers of corporations make promises on behalf of the corporation they work for.  Officers take responsibility for delivery on their promises.

Simple format:

    1 pallet of 100 bills USD
    1 million Euros

Further details can easily be placed into that format.  Who.  When.  Time stamps.  Etc.

Legal can see that it conforms to what they term a legal contract.
Finance can assign risk and time to delivery.
IT can accurately represent it in a computer.

It fixes the world's economy.
It fixes the world's financial system.

Thursday, March 6, 2014

Preventing a perpetual fee (for being born)

An EDI format for monetary transactions prevents a perpetual fee. EDI formats are free.

Bitcoin uses an algorithm designed by the NSA. Is there a back door on that algorithm? I do not know. However, knowing the people involved, I suspect there is. While Bitcoin (and other digital currencies) reduce the fees, it is not perfect.  So, how to prevent a perpetual fee?

All transactions can be described as:

Two people.



End transaction.

Time stamps on each stage clarify risk and accountability.

That is "Promise Language" - a simple EDI format to describe all transactions, regardless of currency. For free.

Tuesday, March 4, 2014

An EDI format and a fill-in form that is a legal contract



End transaction.

The above creates efficiency in electronic transactions by providing a standard format.  It also disobviates the need for a lawyer in every transaction.

Lawyers don't understand money or finance, however, draw up the contracts that define the interactions.  Reading through the legalese is difficult due to lack of a standard format:  Promise Language solves that.

Sometimes lawyers create a contract that finance people call a "derivative".  The contract is unnecessary and creates confusion that loses responsibility and accountability.  This is due to the lawyer's non-understanding of money and finance.

Sunday, March 2, 2014

Potential issues with Bitcoin

Metaphorically (and digitally) speaking, are there 3 Bitcoins?

Was Bitcoin started on the 0 bit or the 1 bit?  Is there a switch/flapper?

A similar applies to the algorithm.  Is there a periodicity that is predictable and controllable?

I have not looked into these issues, however, are enough cause of concern to research... if I were planning a large investment.

Transactions without a lawyer, a banker, or a gun.

Two people.

One promise.
Another promise.

First delivers.
Second delivers.

End transaction.

Time stamps at each stage allow risk and responsibility to be defined.

Promise Language, a banking protocol, fixes the central banks' problems.

Thursday, February 27, 2014

Complex transactions require precise terminology

Imagine you are part of a drug deal or a gun deal.  Tensions are high, heavily armed security on both sides.  Most deals don't end in gunfire due to a deliberate desire to rip off the other party, gunfights occur due to miscommunication.  What was promised?  What was delivered?

In central banking transactions, language differences exist between countries.  Expectations.  Assurances. 

Treaties and trust funds.  Undelivered promises.  Partially delivered promises.  Promises deliberately ripped off.

The above is why a common language to describe complex transactions in a structured way is needed.

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Federal Reserve and other central banks in a world of Promise Language and Bitcoin

Promise Language and Bitcoin do not define price.  They allow value to be translated efficiently.

Currencies stabilize price.  Salaries and rents and mortgages do not change on a daily basis.

In other words, things are priced in USD not in Bitcoin or Promise Language.  That is one reason why Bitcoin and Promise Language work so well to settle internationally.

Interestingly Second Market is patterning an exchange based on existing gold.  Price fixing with derivatives.  Second Market is bringing an antiquated structure to Bitcoin.  While it appears well hooked up and will gain liquidity, I have mixed feelings on that exchange.

Gold failed because of storage issues AND price fixing via derivatives settled in dollars.  Second Market appears to be setting up the exact same system.  Price fixing twice a day is not necessary for any reason other than to create derivatives to set the price.  Is Second Market's CEO aware of this problem or is he simply cut and pasting gold structure and creating a company?

Saturday, February 22, 2014

Bitcoin's role as part of central bank reserves

Central banks require a clearing settlement device among currencies.  Gold has served that function historically, however, has issues.  Namely: dollar-settled derivatives, requires a vault, and is difficult to transport.

Bitcoin solves these problems.

It is my suggestion that some focus and energy be placed in communicating the advantages of Bitcoin to the various central banks around the world.  This requires trading desks and exchanges to provide liquidity.  The German central bank comes to mind.